Section 57 Facts of which Court must take judicial notice

Section 57 Facts of which Court must take judicial notice.


The Court shall take judicial notice of the following facts;

11. All laws in force in the territory of India;

2. All public Acts passed or hereafter to be passed by Parliament 2of United Kingdom, and all local and personal Acts directed by Parliament 2of the United Kingdom to be judicially noticed;

3. Articles of War for 3the Indian Army, 4Navy of Air force;

54. The course of proceeding of parliament of the United Kingdom, of the Constituent Assembly of India, of Parliament and of the Legislature established under any law for the time being in force in Province or in the States;

5. The accession and the sign manual of the Sovereign for the time being of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland;

6. All seals of which English Courts take judicial notice; the seals of all the 6Courts in 7India and of all Courts out of 5India established by the authority of 8the Central Government or the Crown representative; the seals off Court of Admiralty and Maritime jurisdiction and of Notaries Public and all seals which any person is authorized to use by the 9Constitution or an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom or an Act or Regulation having the force of law in 7India;

7. The accession to office, names, titles, functions and signatures of the persons filling for the time being any public office in any state, if the fact of their appointment to such office is notified in any 10official Gazette;

8. The existence, title and national flag of every State or Sovereign recognized by 11the Government of India;

9. The divisions of time, the geographical divisions of the world, and public festivals, facts and holidays notified in the Official Gazette;

10. The territories under the dominion of 11the Government of India;

11. The commencement, continuance and termination of hostilities between 11the Government of India and any other State or body of persons;

12. The names of the members and officers of the Court, and of their deputies and subordinate officers and assistants and also of all officers acting in execution of its process, and of all advocates, attorneys, proctors, vakils, pleaders and other persons authorized by law to appear or act before it;

13. The rule of the road, 12on land or at sea.

In all these cases, and also on all matters of public history, literature, science or art, the Court may report for its aid to appropriate books or documents of reference.

If the Court is called upon by any person to take judicial notice of any fact it may refuse to do so unless and until such person produces any such book or document as it may consider necessary to enable it to do so.


What court may take judicial notice

Court may take judicial notice of widespread malaise of illegal immigration and exploitation of young-ones by unauthorised recruiting agents; M.D.K. Immigration Consultant, Chandigarh v. Union of India, 2000 Cr LJ 252 (P&H).


1. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for para (1).

2. Ins. by the A.O. 1950.

3. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for “Her Majesty’s”.

4. Subs. by Act 10 of 1927, sec. 25 and Sch. I, for “or Navy”.

5. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for para 4.

6. Subs. by the A.O. 1948, for “Courts of British India”.

7. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, sec. 3 and Sch., for “the States”.

8. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for the “the G.G. or any L.G. in Council”.

9. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, “any Act of Parliament or other”.

10. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for “the Gazette of India, or in the Official Gazette of any L.G.”.

11. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for “the British Crown”.

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