Appointment of Judges

A statement showing the approved strength, working strength and vacancies of Judges in the Supreme Court and High Courts as on 29.02.2016 is given at Annexure-I. The number of Judges of Supreme Court and High courts appointed from 1st January, 2015 till 13th April 2015 i.e. the date on which the Constitution(Ninety Ninth Amendment) Act, 2014 and the National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014 were brought into force is given at Annexure-II. With the coming into force of these Acts, all appointments of Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts through the Collegium process as laid down in the Memorandum of Procedure were stopped. However, with the revival of the Collegium system, the process of appointment of Judges has resumed. A Statement showing the sanctioned strength, working strength and vacancies of Judicial Officers in District and Subordinate Courts in the country as on 30.06.2015 is given at Annexure-III.
In All India Judges’ Association Case, the Hon’ble Supreme Court in its Judgement dated 21st March, 2002, on  a comparative assessment of the position in other countries directed that there should be 50 judges for a million population in the country. Based on the population, as per census 2011 and sanctioned strength of judges in the Supreme Court and High courts as on 29.02.2016, and the sanctioned strength of Judges/Judicial Officers of District and Subordinate Courts as on 31.12.2015, the Judge population ratio in the country works out to be 17.72 Judges/Judicial Officers per million population. 
The  Supreme Court vide its order dated 16.10.2015 declared that the system of appointment of Judges to Supreme Court, and Chief Justices and Judges of High Court from one High Court to another as existing prior to Constitution (Ninety-Nineth Amendment ) Act, 2014 called the “Collegium System” to be operative. The Supreme Court simultaneously decided to consider introduction of appropriate measures, if any, for an improved working of the “Collegium System”. The Government of India submitted its suggestions subject to its reservation about the correctness of the Judgment. The Government has taken the stand that it reserves its liberty to take such action as it may decide fit. Further, the Parliament has the power within the parameters of the Constitution to govern the criteria and process for appointment of Judges to the Supreme Court and High Courts. 
The Supreme Court pronounced its Order on improvement in the “Collegium System” on 16.12.2015. Vide this order they have decided that the Government of India may finalize the existing Memorandum of Procedure (MoP) by supplementing it in consultation with the Chief Justice of India, and  based on the unanimous view of the Collegium comprising the four senior-most puisne Judges of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court has indicated broad categories under which existing MoP can be supplemented such as eligibility criteria, transparency in the appointment process, Secretariat and complaints etc. The Department of Justice is in the process of preparing a revised draft Memorandum of Procedure in consultation with the State Governments.
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 Annexure I – As on 29-02-2016
Sl. No.
Name of the Court
Approved Strength
Working  Strength
Vacancies as per
Approved Strength
A.
Supreme Court of India
31
25
06
B.
High Court
Pmt.
Addl
Total
Pmt.
Addl
Total
Pmt.
Addl
Total
1
Allahabad
76
84
160
65
07
72
11
77
88
2
High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad*
46
15
61
16
10
26
30
05
35
3
Bombay
71
23
94
38
22
60
33
01
34
4
Calcutta
45
13
58
21
22
43
24
-09
15
5
Chhattisgarh
17
05
22
03
06
09
14
-01
13
6
Delhi
45
15
60
34
05
39
11
10
21
7
Gauhati
18
06
24
08
07
15
10
-01
09
8
Gujarat
39
13
52
27
03
30
12
10
22
9
Himachal Pradesh
10
03
13
07
07
03
03
06
10
Jammu & Kashmir
13
04
17
08
01
09
05
03
08
11
Jharkhand
19
06
25
08
04
12
11
02
13
12
Karnataka
47
15
62
22
09
31
25
06
31
13
Kerala
27
11
38
                19
16
35
08
-05
03
14
Madhya Pradesh
40
13
    53
27
02
29
13
11
24
15
Madras 
56
19
75
35
0
35
21
19
40
16
Manipur
04
01
05
04
0
04
0
01
01
17
Meghalaya
03
01
04
02
0
02
01
01
02
18
Orissa
20
07
27
15
06
21
05
01
06
19
Patna *
                 40
13
53
24
05
29
16
08
24
20
Punjab& Haryana *
64
21
85
37
11
48
27
10
37
21
Rajasthan
38
12
50
21
03
24
17
09
26
22
Sikkim  
03
0
03
02
0
02
01
0
01
23
Tripura
04
0
04
04
0
04
0
0
0
24
Uttarakhand
09
02
11
06
0
06
03
02
05
Total
754
302
1056
453
139
592
301
163
464
 
* Acting Chief Justice
 
Annexure II
Sl. No
Name of the Court
Judges appointed from 01.01.2015 till 13.04.2015
A.
Supreme Court of India
01
B.
HIGH COURT
1.
GAUHATI
05
2.
ALLAHABAD
07
3.
CALCUTTA
08
4.
KERALA
07
5.
SIKKIM
01
6.
ORISSA
03
7.
JHARKHAND
01
8.
PATNA
02
9.
PUNJAB &HARYANA
01
TOTAL
35


Annexure III
(Position as on 30.06.2015)
Sr. No.
Name of State / UT
Total Sanctioned Strength
Total Working Strength
Vacancies
1
Arunachal Pradesh
17
15
2
2
Andhra Pradesh & Telengana
1034
812
222
3
Assam
420
307
113
4
Bihar
1727
997
730
5
Chandigarh
30
30
0
6
Chhattisgarh
356
296
60
7
Daman & Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli
7
6
1
8
Delhi
793
469
324
9
Goa
52
39
13
10
Gujarat
1914
1197
717
11
Haryana
644
478
166
12
Himachal Pradesh
146
137
9
13
Jammu and Kashmir
245
217
28
14
Jharkhand
590
368
222
15
Karnataka
1112
824
288
16
Kerala
456
419
37
17
Lakshadweep
3
3
0
18
Madhya Pradesh
1461
1234
227
19
Maharashtra
2088
1618
470
20
Manipur
41
32
9
21
Meghalaya
56
29
27
22
Mizoram
63
31
32
23
Nagaland
27
25
2
24
Odisha
694
613
81
25
Puducherry
21
9
12
26
Punjab
672
498
174
27
Rajasthan
1191
822
369
28
Sikkim
18
14
4
29
Tamil nadu
1004
840
164
30
Tripura
104
72
32
31
Uttar Pradesh
2097
1845
252
32
Uttarakhand
281
208
73
33
West Bengal and A & N Islands
994
856
138
Total
20358
15360
4998
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(Release ID :137288)
Source: Press Information Bureau (PIB) 

Source: Bombay High Court

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